By Eugene H Kaplan
Portrays the ecology and formation of coral reefs and describes a few of the animals that inhabit the reefs of southern Florida and the Caribbean
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Additional info for A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : a guide to the common invertebrates and fishes of Bermuda, the Bahamas, southern Florida, the West Indies, and the Caribbean coast of Central and South America
PRELL, WL. (1982) Oxygen and carbon isotope stratigra phy of the Quaternary of Hole 502B: evidence for two modes of isotope variability. L. ), pp. 4 5 5-464. US Government Printing Of fice, Washington, DC. C. & HILL, D . (1942) Great Barrier Reef Cores, 1 926and 1 937-Descriptions, Analysesand Inter pretations. Report No. 25, Great Barrier Reef Commit tee. , MACINTYRE, A. & RAYMO, M. (1986) Matuyama 41 ,000 year cycles: North Atlantic Ocean and northern hemisphere ice sheets. Earth planet. Sci.
We know from the modern reef that actual reef growth occurs for only a small fraction of that time (probably 10 000-15 000 yr maximum) associated with the highstand. 7 Corals may occur in the subreef section, but if our Gardner Bank analogue is correct, then they are subordinate to algae and indicate at best a marginal reef environment. DISCUSSION If our conclusion regarding the origin of the Great Barrier Reef has validity, then it would be likely that the event has expression elsewhere in the world's oceans and that, if global, such an event would have some effect on global ocean biochemis try.
They are mounds on which corals grow sparsely and become destroyed after death, although often incor porated in situ into a coral rubble by encrusting coralline algae. The final architectural feature is (I) Highstand sub-tropical sedimentation Depth (m) 0 ������������ Highstand 40 Quartz/carbonates 80 120 160 (2) Lowstand sub-tropical sedimentation Rhodolith/foram facies Large benthics; Operculina Montipora and Goniopora plates; and Marginopora articulated corallines, halimeda Encrusting corallines, benthic Bryozoans, barnacles, bryozoans, barnacles, echinoids and planktic forams, bivalves, gastropods and encrusting corallines bryozoans and abundant echinoids Intensive boating destruction rhodoliths 5 km Depth ( m) 0 ��-------, Lowstand 40 � s.
A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : a guide to the common invertebrates and fishes of Bermuda, the Bahamas, southern Florida, the West Indies, and the Caribbean coast of Central and South America by Eugene H Kaplan