Download e-book for kindle: A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler

By Bengt Sundkler

ISBN-10: 052158342X

ISBN-13: 9780521583428

В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:

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The lovely wall-paintings, both in Egypt and Nubia, were no doubt drawn after Byzantine models. This, however, could not affect the liturgy, the prayers and the devotions to Mary, Mother of God: which were all Unionite. `Descendants of the Pharaohs' On consideration of the fate of the Church in North Africa, submitted to recurrent onslaughts, and leading ± albeit slowly ± to virtual extinction, one begins to appreciate something of the stamina and adaptability of the Coptic Church in surviving over the centuries.

During the fourth century Donatism experienced rapid growth, not least among the Berber in Numidia, although by about the year 400 they were weakened by inner divisions. A decisive date in the struggle between Catholics and Donatists was the conference between the two contending parties at Carthage in 411. Each side was represented by no less than 280 bishops, disputing in the large Thermae ± or baths ± in Carthage, under the supposedly impartial presidency of Count Marcellinus, the Emperor's representative.

This economic exploitation had been so harsh and sweeping that the narrow strip of arable land along the River Nile could no longer keep up with the demands. The burden of taxation of corn had from then onwards to be carried by North Africa (the present Maghreb). After the fall of Carthage in 146 BC, North Africa was a vanquished country and now had to keep the conqueror supplied by way of annual tribute, while in Egypt, a Roman colony under Mark Antony since 42 BC, impoverished peasants unable to pay their dues ¯ed from their ®elds into the deserts.

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A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler

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