By Wayne C. Booth
Possibly no different serious label has been made to hide extra flooring than "irony," and in our time irony has come to have such a lot of meanings that on its own it capability virtually not anything. during this paintings, Wayne C. sales space cuts throughout the ensuing confusions by means of studying how we be able to percentage rather particular ironies—and why we regularly fail once we try and achieve this. How does a reader or listener realize the type of assertion which calls for him to reject its "clear" and "obvious" that means? and the way does any reader comprehend the place to prevent, as soon as he has launched into the unsafe and exhilarating course of rejecting "what the phrases say" and reconstructing "what the writer means"?In the 1st and longer a part of his paintings, sales space offers with the workings of what he calls "stable irony," irony with a transparent rhetorical purpose. He then turns to meant instabilities—ironies that withstand interpretation and eventually result in the "infinite absolute negativities" that experience obsessed feedback because the Romantic period.Professor sales space is usually mockingly acutely aware that not anyone can fathom the unfathomable. yet through taking a look heavily at risky ironists like Samuel Becket, he indicates that no less than a few of our commonplaces approximately meaninglessness require revision. ultimately, he explores—with the aid of Plato—the wry paradoxes that threaten any uncompromising statement that each one statement could be undermined via the spirit of irony.
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Extra info for A Rhetoric of Irony (Phoenix Books)
In stilutio aratoria 8. 6. 54. Of contemporaries, Muecke bas done most with this problem. See especially, In ad dition to The Compass of Irony, "The Communication of Verbal Irony," . (un pUblished paper read to the Twelfth International Congress of the Federation Tnternationale des Langues et Litteratures Modernes, Cambridge, 1972). " 6. The Compass oj Irony, pp. 57-58. See also Norman Knox, Th e Word Irony" and lIs Context, pp. 141-61. 7. Section IX, "A Digression concerning ... Madness ... " 49 Stable Irony "delivery" when there is no actual delivery?
But, even putting aside the fact that Quintilian was interested only in the relatively simple and brief ironies used in orations, his account is clearly oversimplified. Muecke rightly comments that merely to have one of the three "out of keeping with the words" is not enough to reveal irony, "for an apparently ironic 'delivery' [could] ... "6 How, then, do you and I recognize--often with great surenessan ironic invitation when we see one? It is not hard to explain why we often do not-why, for example, when we make our way through Swift's A Tale oj a Tub with its manifold reversals from irony to straight invective through many shades in between, we disagree at many points about where Swift would have us stand.
Even the workers didn't object to it because it was hellish but because they were afraid that machinery would put them out work. The only people who saw through industrialism in those early days were the poets . .. Meanwhile the spirit of benevolence was growing. Prisons reformed, Sir Frederick Eden published the first sociological s called the State o f the Poor, and overshadowing everything else was movement to abolish the slave trade .... The trade was prohibited 1807 , and as Wilberforce lay dying in 1835, slavery itself was ished.
A Rhetoric of Irony (Phoenix Books) by Wayne C. Booth