Download e-book for iPad: A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank

By World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821319876

ISBN-13: 9780821319871

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Extra info for A Study of international fisheries research

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Fisheries research agendas during this period were shaped by opportunities for expanding production and the experience of industrial countries in achieving greater catches, by large-scale fleets, from the big stocks of individual species in temperate waters. Stock-assessment models developed in the late 1950s provided the tools to quantify, through analysis of commercial statistics, the size of fish stocks, and to identify the conditions for achieving maximum sustainable yields. For new fisheries, for which historical series of commercial statistics were not available, novel methods were developed based on estimation of stock biomass by direct surveys.

Examples of multilateral bodies are the FAO, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). ICLARM is one of the very few regional and international research centers. Page 4 The usefulness of aid to research is mixed. Aid programs have made an important contribution to the development of fisheries research capacity in developing countries. But they have also neglected areas, often helping to create a deficient infrastructure.

Many have research institutes with fully trained staff, the minimum laboratory equipment, research vessels, and computer and library facilities. Scientific equipment and facilities vary greatly among countries. In general, short-term development projects are better funded and enjoy better facilities than medium-term programs. Developing countries have acquired research vessels under bilateral assistance schemes, but many rap-idly become too expensive to run without continued international financial support.

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A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank

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