By J. Dee Kille
The "Red scare" of the Fifties created a countrywide hindrance that challenged strategies of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yankee society. The problem used to be specifically troublesome in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom stumbled on themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly battle. The college of Nevada in Reno was once no exception. The collage prior to and through global conflict II was once a small (fewer than 2,000 scholars) tuition supplying easy courses to a mostly Nevada-based pupil physique within the nation’s least-populated kingdom. The campus was once quiet, safe, conventional, and customarily conservative. The postwar years introduced booming enrollments and new college participants, many from outdoor Nevada, imbued with a feeling of the significance of study and of shared educational governance. quickly, the collage discovered itself embroiled in an extreme controversy that threatened its educational integrity or even raised matters approximately its destiny as a workable establishment. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president brought on the trouble. Mandated via a conservative Board of Regents to "clean up" the collage, Stout delivered to his new activity a prepared experience of challenge and a strident dedication to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His next battles with college and scholars over their function in collage governance and over the very nature of upper schooling quickly degenerated into offended accusations of school Communist sympathies and sour confrontations over educational loose speech, educational freedom, and loyalty. The hurricane introduced the college nationwide notoriety and made the management of upper schooling a tremendous factor inside Nevada, eventually regarding the country legislature and the courts to be able to get to the bottom of the clash. J. Dee Kille’s energetic and insightful account of the situation "on the hill" rests on quite a lot of archival assets, interviews and oral histories, college documents, and released assets. of important curiosity to readers attracted to Nineteen Fifties Nevada, the e-book additionally serves as a strong case research of the devastating effect of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American collage in this turbulent period within the nation’s heritage.
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The "Red scare" of the Nineteen Fifties created a countrywide challenge that challenged recommendations of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yankee society. The predicament was once specifically difficult in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom came upon themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly warfare.
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Extra info for Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History)
Little responded that he was not only not a Communist, but a Republican and had ‘‘Q’’ clearance from the Atomic Energy Commission and the fbi for work at the atomic proving grounds in southern Nevada. The existence of Little’s grant and its attendant clearance procedures had been common knowledge since mid-April, so for Heward to pose such a ludicrous question was proof to his audience that he had merely been attempting to smear both the aaup and Richardson who was the president of the local chapter.
The administrators were eventually successful in their united front against the assembly’s Education Committee, and the authority-restricting laws were left to die without being reported back to the ﬂoor of the assembly. ’’ Although there is no known public accusation that any of these scholars were connected with Communism, this highly exploitable issue was not to be left to languish if it could be of beneﬁt. Fred M. Anderson, a local physician, member of the alumni executive committee, friend of the three English professors, and future member of the Board of Regents, visited President Stout’s oﬃce on the morning of April 6, 26 Academic Freedom Imperiled 1953, shortly after the show-cause letters had been issued.
The professors, however, appealed to the Nevada Supreme Court. The court issued a writ of prohibition ordering the regents to present a bill of particulars by May 7 outlining the charges against the ﬁve. However, before the May 7 deadline, charges were dropped against four of the ﬁve, leaving only Richardson as the focus of Stout’s ire. ’’ It is possible that because he had been awarded an Atomic Energy Commission (aec) research grant in the amount of eightytwo hundred dollars to study radiation eﬀects on plant life, the administration did not want to risk losing the money or the status.
Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) by J. Dee Kille