By Peter J.B. Slater, Jay S. Rosenblatt, Charles T. Snowdon, Timothy J. Roper
The purpose of Advances within the research of habit is still because it has been because the sequence begun: to serve the expanding variety of scientists who're engaged within the research of animal habit via providing their theoretical principles and study to their colleagues and to these in neighboring fields. we are hoping that the sequence will proceed its "contribution to the advance of the field", as its meant position was once phrased within the Preface to the 1st quantity in 1965. because that point, conventional components of animal habit have completed new power by way of the hyperlinks they've got shaped with similar fields and by means of the nearer courting that now exists among these learning animal and human matters. Advances within the examine of habit, quantity 31 maintains to serve scientists throughout a large spectrum of disciplines. concentrating on new theories and examine advancements with recognize to behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, those volumes foster cooperation and communications in those dense fields.
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1998). VIII. THE FITNESS CONSEQUENCES OF VIRILIZATION When female spotted hyenas give birth, the hypertrophied clitoris ruptures on the caudal side, causing a large, bleeding wound that may be a source of infection. , 1995). , 1993). Thus, the maintenance of the hypertrophied clitoris entails a ﬁtness cost for females. , 1993). A possible selective advantage for females that have the opening to their reproductive tract (urogenital meatus) displaced to a position forward of their hind legs at the tip of their hypertrophied clitoris is that males have considerable difﬁculty locating and penetrating the clitoris opening (Kruuk, 1972).
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Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 31 by Peter J.B. Slater, Jay S. Rosenblatt, Charles T. Snowdon, Timothy J. Roper