Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary - download pdf or read online

By John Kendrick

ISBN-10: 0773518304

ISBN-13: 9780773518308

Malaspina arrived in Spain with a systematic history and an ardent curiosity within the philosophy of the Enlightenment. a talented navigator, the Pacific voyage on which he sailed in 1789 used to be the final and most vital of his profession - a five-year medical and political exam of the Spanish colonies within the Americas and the Philippines. He appraised the British colony at Sydney Cove and Tonga, permitting him to match lifestyles at a spot virtually untouched by way of eu touch with the placement within the colonies. Malaspina ultimately lower back to Spain, the place he was once got via King Charles IV. He was once commissioned to supply a piece protecting all elements of his stories that may identify Spain's popularity as a latest enlightened kingdom. Malaspina instructed the King that this is able to be completed provided that he pushed aside all of his ministers and changed them with a slate of Malaspina's picking out who could again his visionary rules. This doubtless naive suggestion ended in a unanimous vote through the council that his plan was once fake, seditious, and injurious to the sovereignty in their Majesties, and he was once sentenced to 10 years imprisonment within the fort of San Antón. on the urging of Napoleon he used to be published after 8 years and exiled to Italy, the place he died in 1810, simply because the revolts within the Americas have been beginning, as he had estimated. utilizing Malaspina's writings, together with the magazine of his nice voyage and his own letters, John Kendrick makes the lifetime of this striking guy to be had for the 1st time in English.

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His American Letters, an attack on Spanish colonialism, was published in 1780. Carli saw the traditional Inca rulers as monarchs presiding over a social Utopia and sided with them in the war then underway between Tupuc Amaru and the Spanish forces. 11 While Malaspina did not share Carli's opinion of the philosophes, he apparently did remember Carli's description of aboriginal society in his own Axiomas Políticos, as we will see in a later chapter. A book by Miguel Batllori on the expelled Jesuits12 suggests several possibilities for the history of Chile which Malaspina requested.

After losing a political battle in 1773, he was made ambassador to France and sent to Paris, where he became an admirer of Voltaire, an enthusiast for the Enlightenment, and a clandestine adviser to the future Charles IV, who was on poor terms with his father. Aranda recommended the appointment of a confidential minister, with himself in mind to the exclusion of Floridablanca, for whom he had little respect. After Charles IV succeeded to the throne, Aranda returned to Madrid, and achieved part of his ambition in 1792.

The first president was Jose de Gálvez, then minister of the Indies, with Cabarrús as a director. After Gálvez died in 1787 Antonio Valdés was appointed to succeed him. The Philippine Company was given a monopoly on the trade between Manila and Spain, but its mission was to foster agriculture in the Philippines, particularly the growth of sugar and spices, and to halt the drain of silver by developing Manila as a contributor 26 Alejandro Malaspina to the Spanish treasury. The company was expected to earn a profit from its broad powers to trade elsewhere, although without the protection of a monopoly.

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Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary by John Kendrick

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