Download e-book for iPad: America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National by Linda Weiss

By Linda Weiss

ISBN-10: 0801452686

ISBN-13: 9780801452680

For greater than part a century, the U.S. has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the trendy economic system and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. means for transformative innovation to the energy of its nationwide safeguard nation, a posh of enterprises, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safety preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that complicated emerged and the way it has advanced based on altering geopolitical threats and household political constraints, from the chilly warfare interval to the post-9/11 era.

Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital cash, new sorts of expertise procurement through safeguard and security-related corporations, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable strength because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide protection country has been the crucible for step forward thoughts, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of latest organizations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her publication appraises continual myths in regards to the military-commercial dating on the middle of the nationwide safety country. Weiss additionally discusses the consequences for realizing U.S. capitalism, the yank nation, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized organisations curtail funding in production and innovation.

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Determined also to lead the emerging revolution in microbiology, the federal government deployed the conversion process to kick-start a commercial dual-use biotechnology industry, transferring to the private sector a good deal of the technology that had been locked up in government labs. S. technology once conversion to peaceful use had been achieved was also important. S. 28 In the conversion process, a major beneficiary was the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. In 1972 its National Institutes of Health acquired a new biological research arm—the Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center (hereafter the National Cancer Institute).

The resulting forms of public-private entwinement built upon both the system of contracting out inherited from World War II and the hybridization strategies rooted in American history (chapter 7). In contrast to Truman’s approach, favored by many New Deal liberals, Eisenhower envisaged a set of increasingly close and cooperative state-society relations focused on technology development. The “close integration of military and civilian resources,” he argued, would engender better understanding of defense needs and civilian capabilities, benefit the armed forces, and enhance the nation’s security.

National Science Foundation. When created in 1950, the National Science Foundation had a tiny budget and limited responsibilities (for “basic, undirected” research that no other public agency had an interest in sponsoring). Vannevar Bush’s proposal for a body that would centralize control of scientific research had languished in Congress during the first half-decade after World War II, largely because President Truman opposed its bid for control by unelected civilians. When the NSF was finally established in 1950, the AEC and other federal bureaus had already assumed control of much of the scientific research that Bush had hoped the NSF might support.

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America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss

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