By James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang
A first-look at radiative move in planetary atmospheres with a specific concentrate on the Earth's surroundings and weather. The textbook covers the fundamentals of the radiative move of sun, treating absorption and scattering, and the move of the thermal infrared acceptable for neighborhood thermodynamic equilibrium, absorption and emission. The examples integrated exhibit how the suggestions of the radiative move equation are utilized in distant sensing to probe the thermal constitution and composition of planetary atmospheres. This motivates scholars via major them to a greater knowing of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical effects.
Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and starting graduate scholars in physics and atmospheric sciences, the booklet is designed to hide the essence of the fabric in a 10-week direction, whereas the cloth within the non-compulsory sections will facilitate its use on the extra leisurely speed and in-depth concentration of a semester path.
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Additional info for Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions
4 shows vertical proﬁles for the tropics, midlatitude winters, and polar winters. The proﬁles are based on analytic ﬁts to observations . 37) with a the total amount of ozone in the atmospheric column, b the altitude at which the ozone concentration peaks, and c the scale height for ozone above the altitude at which the concentration peaks. 4. 25 hPa. The unit cm-STP used above to specify the column amounts of ozone is the gaseous analog of precipitable cm used to express the column amount of water vapor in terms of an equivalent amount of liquid water.
Because air expands as it is heated, at a given altitude the pressure for the cold regions at high latitudes will fall below those for the warm regions at low latitudes. A horizontal pressure gradient builds in the upper troposphere and the system becomes dynamically unstable. Circulation begins. The circulation that arises strongly inﬂuences both the temperature and the moisture proﬁle of the atmosphere. In addition to radiative and convective energy transfers, the zonal mean proﬁles now respond to dynamical contributions that arise from the atmospheric wind ﬁelds .
The troposphere is approximately 80% of the atmosphere. Its radiative cooling rate is about 1 K/day. For global average conditions, large-scale dynamical processes produce no net heating of the atmosphere. Most of the radiative cooling by the atmosphere is compensated by heating due to the release of latent heat when water vapor condenses, freezes, and falls as precipitation. 7. Much of this heat is transferred through convective processes. 7 depicts an approximate breakdown of the heating and cooling for the surface, troposphere, and stratosphere.
Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions by James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang