Read e-book online Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to PDF

By T. Edward Damer

ISBN-10: 0495095060

ISBN-13: 9780495095064

More and more university classes and courses require a severe considering component--and contain assignments intended to degree your severe considering talents. ATTACKING defective REASONING: a realistic consultant TO FALLACY-FREE ARGUMENTS, 6th variation, may help brush up on those skills--and the way to boost the logical, persuasive arguments you would like now and all through your profession. this helpful guide addresses greater than 60 universal fallacies of good judgment with assistance from over 2 hundred memorable examples. It presents factors and tips for keeping off mistaken considering, and is a perfect source whilst writing papers, essays, or arguments.

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Additional resources for Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments

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You should not, however, try to improve the argument by supplying premises that are neither explicitly nor implicitly present. Once the strongest version of an opponent’s argument has been put into standard form, with all extraneous material cleared away, its faulty character may be quite apparent. Indeed, the defects may be so obvious that the arguer might even accuse you of distorting the argument. To help avoid such a charge, you might ask the arguer to confirm the correctness of your work before you call attention to any flaw in it.

E. Reconstruct in standard form an inductive argument that you have recently encountered. Label each of the parts of the reconstructed argument. Carefully explain what makes it an inductive argument. F. Make your inductive argument from E a stronger argument by converting it into a deductive argument. G. Consider again the handgun argument presented in this chapter. Try to articulate a better implicit premise. H. Construct in standard form a deductive argument that supports a particular position on a legal dispute.

This means that you should be willing to supply any unstated or implicit parts of the argument, to eliminate any obviously irrelevant clutter, and maybe even to use language that is clearer or more precise than that used in the original argument. You should not, however, try to improve the argument by supplying premises that are neither explicitly nor implicitly present. Once the strongest version of an opponent’s argument has been put into standard form, with all extraneous material cleared away, its faulty character may be quite apparent.

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Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments by T. Edward Damer


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