By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling
The background of eugenics within the Baltic States is basically unknown. The ebook compares for the 1st time the eugenic tasks of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the comparable disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider eu context. robust ethno-nationalism outlined the country as a organic workforce, which was once fostered through authoritarian regimes proven in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics initiatives have been designed to set up a kingdom in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the country ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most schedule was once a non-democratic country that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic rules have been to regenerate the country and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained powerful components of secular faith.
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Additional resources for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940
1, 3-9. Rauch, G. v. (1977), Geschichte der baltischen Staaten. München: DTV. Reinhards, G. (1934), “Kā pasargāt tautas no bojās ejas [How to save the Nation from Decay]” Universitas, vol. 9, 134-137. Richter, K. (2010), “Der Kult um Antanas Smetona in Litauen (1926-1940)” in: Ennker, B. and Hein-Kricher, H. ), Der Führer im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts. Marburg: Herder-Institut, 111-136. 28 Björn M. Felder Ridala, V. (1915), Tõu küsimus [The Racial Question]. Tartu: Postimees. Rikshe, V. J. (1978), ““Rassovaja gigiena” na sluzhbe latishskoy nacionalisticheskoj burzhuazii [“Racial hygiene” in service of Latvian nationalist Bourgeoisie]” Medico-socialnye izsledovanija, 139-142.
The revolution created new conditions for local political life: the first Estonian political party emerged, and many antialcohol societies became inactive during the revolution because their leaders were prosecuted. Another reason for the movement’s decline was the leadership’s alienation from the practical interests of ordinary members. This was caused by an umbrella institution, the Central Committee of Estonian Abstinence Societies (Eesti Karskusseltside Kesktoimkond, established in 1906) which came to be controlled by leaders of the national movement who declared abstinence work to be simply a means and no longer a goal of their work.
2006), Doing Medicine together: Germany and Russia between the wars. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Karjahärm, T. (1993), “Tõuküsimus Eestis iseseisvuse eel. [Racial Issue in Estonia before the Era of Independence]” Akadeemia, no. 7, 1347-1365. Turda, M. (2010), Modernism and Eugenics. Houndsmill: Palgrave Macmillan. Introduction 29 Turda, M. and Weindling, P. ) (2007), “Blood and Homeland”: Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and Southeast Europe, 19001940. Budapest: Central European University Press.
Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940 by Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling